Image of a hooded foreign hacker sitting in a dark room with the computer screen shining a green shadowy glow on her face to foreshadow cybersecurity enforcement

Cybersecurity Enforcement in a World Where a Ransomware Attack Led to a Baby’s Death

A US medical malpractice lawsuit (scheduled for trial in November 2022) alleges that a hospital fraudulently failed to disclose an IT outage caused by ransomware to its patients. In this case, healthcare providers couldn’t access electronic medical records or foetal monitoring due to the ransomware attack. Had they been able to, the monitoring would have shown that the plaintiff’s unborn baby was in distress. In its absence, the baby was born with her umbilical cord around her neck resulting in severe complications. She ultimately (and tragically) passed away after months in intensive care.  

You can read more about this here:  


Global Regulators Increasingly Focusing on Cybersecurity Enforcement 

With potentially fatal real-world consequences (and with the civil liability landscape for cyber security incidents still in nascent stages), it is unsurprising that regulators around the globe are increasingly turning their head to enforcement for lax cybersecurity. Recently: 

  • The US Department of Justice has just announced a launch of an initiative that will enforce cybersecurity requirements in federal government contracts amongst its suppliers. 
  •  The UK Information Commissioner’s Office fined a transgender charity for failing to keep the personal data of its data subjects secure.  
  • The Danish Data Protection Authority fined a COVID-19 test provider for processing sensitive data without appropriate security measures. In some cases, employees sent health information from their personal phones to the company’s central database via a WhatsApp group. This means that all employees could see all the health information sent by others. 
  • ASIC commenced proceedings against RI Advice Group Pty Ltd for failing to have adequate cyber security systems. See our previous blog post here. 


ASIC Announces Cyber Security Priority in Australia 

In addition to increased cybersecurity enforcement, ASIC has expressly announced its intention to intensify its focus on cyber security in its Corporate Plan for 2021 – 25.  In fact, cyber security is one of its four external priorities:  

“Supporting enhanced cyber resilience and cyber security among ASIC’s regulated population, in line with the whole-of-government commitment to mitigating cyber security risks” 

While ASIC’s cybersecurity enforcement capabilities only reach registered companies, financial markets, financial services providers, and credit services providers, organisations outside these industries should still consider the potential impact of global trend towards enforcement for lax cybersecurity.

Photograph of a world globe, showing Australia in the foreground to demonstrate the context of Australian cybersecurity enforcement in the global map of privacy law

What Else is Happening in Australia with Cyber Security Regulation? 

The Australian Government, in its discussion paper on Australia’s cyber security strategy, reported that 40% of medium and large-sized Australian businesses did not have any cyber security governance or framework in 2018.  

The paper goes on to suggest three options for cyber security risk management in Australia, before seeking feedback on the potential solutions:  

Option 0: Maintain the status quo.  

Option 1: Voluntary governance standards for larger businesses.  

Option 2: Mandatory governance standards for larger businesses.  

The reforms considered include “stronger cyber security standards for the digital economy, more transparent information about cyber security, and stronger legal remedies for consumers.” The paper also contemplates how the voluntary standard would “strengthen and complement existing director’s duties…”, potentially heralding a future where directors may be held personally liable for cyber security incidents.  

We’ve covered the proposed changes to cyber security regulation here. 


Now is the Time to Strengthen Your Organisation’s Cyber Security  

Australian organisations must start to strengthen cyber resilience, cyber security frameworks, and organisational processes to respond to rising pressures and increased cybersecurity enforcement. The specialist team at Privacy 108, led by one of Australia’s foremost privacy experts Dr Jodie Siganto, work with medium and large-sized organisations to develop robust cyber security frameworks. Our cybersecurity lawyers offer: 

  • Cyber awareness programs and training.  
  • Strategic frameworks for minimising the risk of unauthorised data access.  
  • Detection systems and processes. 
  • Data breach responses. 
  • Data loss policies to mitigate potential losses from ransomware or similar.  
  • Cyber-continuity planning. 
  • Criteria for choosing cyber-conscious third-party service providers.  
  • Data sharing contracts between EEA-based and non-EEA companies.  
  • Compliant collaboration and information sharing policies and processes.  
  • Responsive cyber governance programs. 

For more information, get in touch:


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At Privacy 108, we are passionate about privacy and data protection. We work with organisations to ensure they collect, use and secure all information in a way that is both compliant and meets community expectations. Privacy 108 is a law firm. Our team of lawyers can provide specialist legal advice on privacy and security issues.